GtkDialog

GtkDialog — Create popup windows

Synopsis


#include <gtk/gtk.h>


                    GtkDialog;
enum                GtkDialogFlags;
enum                GtkResponseType;
GtkWidget*          gtk_dialog_new                      (void);
GtkWidget*          gtk_dialog_new_with_buttons         (const gchar *title,
                                                         GtkWindow *parent,
                                                         GtkDialogFlags flags,
                                                         const gchar *first_button_text,
                                                         ...);
gint                gtk_dialog_run                      (GtkDialog *dialog);
void                gtk_dialog_response                 (GtkDialog *dialog,
                                                         gint response_id);
GtkWidget*          gtk_dialog_add_button               (GtkDialog *dialog,
                                                         const gchar *button_text,
                                                         gint response_id);
void                gtk_dialog_add_buttons              (GtkDialog *dialog,
                                                         const gchar *first_button_text,
                                                         ...);
void                gtk_dialog_add_action_widget        (GtkDialog *dialog,
                                                         GtkWidget *child,
                                                         gint response_id);
gboolean            gtk_dialog_get_has_separator        (GtkDialog *dialog);
void                gtk_dialog_set_default_response     (GtkDialog *dialog,
                                                         gint response_id);
void                gtk_dialog_set_has_separator        (GtkDialog *dialog,
                                                         gboolean setting);
void                gtk_dialog_set_response_sensitive   (GtkDialog *dialog,
                                                         gint response_id,
                                                         gboolean setting);
gint                gtk_dialog_get_response_for_widget  (GtkDialog *dialog,
                                                         GtkWidget *widget);

gboolean            gtk_alternative_dialog_button_order (GdkScreen *screen);
void                gtk_dialog_set_alternative_button_order
                                                        (GtkDialog *dialog,
                                                         gint first_response_id,
                                                         ...);
void                gtk_dialog_set_alternative_button_order_from_array
                                                        (GtkDialog *dialog,
                                                         gint n_params,
                                                         gint *new_order);


Object Hierarchy


  GObject
   +----GInitiallyUnowned
         +----GtkObject
               +----GtkWidget
                     +----GtkContainer
                           +----GtkBin
                                 +----GtkWindow
                                       +----GtkDialog
                                             +----GtkAboutDialog
                                             +----GtkColorSelectionDialog
                                             +----GtkFileChooserDialog
                                             +----GtkFileSelection
                                             +----GtkFontSelectionDialog
                                             +----GtkInputDialog
                                             +----GtkMessageDialog
                                             +----GtkPageSetupUnixDialog
                                             +----GtkPrintUnixDialog
                                             +----GtkRecentChooserDialog

Implemented Interfaces

GtkDialog implements AtkImplementorIface and GtkBuildable.

Properties


  "has-separator"            gboolean              : Read / Write

Style Properties


  "action-area-border"       gint                  : Read
  "button-spacing"           gint                  : Read
  "content-area-border"      gint                  : Read

Signals


  "close"                                          : Run Last / Action
  "response"                                       : Run Last

Description

Dialog boxes are a convenient way to prompt the user for a small amount of input, e.g. to display a message, ask a question, or anything else that does not require extensive effort on the user's part.

GTK+ treats a dialog as a window split vertically. The top section is a GtkVBox, and is where widgets such as a GtkLabel or a GtkEntry should be packed. The bottom area is known as the action_area. This is generally used for packing buttons into the dialog which may perform functions such as cancel, ok, or apply. The two areas are separated by a GtkHSeparator.

GtkDialog boxes are created with a call to gtk_dialog_new() or gtk_dialog_new_with_buttons(). gtk_dialog_new_with_buttons() is recommended; it allows you to set the dialog title, some convenient flags, and add simple buttons.

If 'dialog' is a newly created dialog, the two primary areas of the window can be accessed as GTK_DIALOG(dialog)->vbox and GTK_DIALOG(dialog)->action_area, as can be seen from the example, below.

A 'modal' dialog (that is, one which freezes the rest of the application from user input), can be created by calling gtk_window_set_modal() on the dialog. Use the GTK_WINDOW() macro to cast the widget returned from gtk_dialog_new() into a GtkWindow. When using gtk_dialog_new_with_buttons() you can also pass the GTK_DIALOG_MODAL flag to make a dialog modal.

If you add buttons to GtkDialog using gtk_dialog_new_with_buttons(), gtk_dialog_add_button(), gtk_dialog_add_buttons(), or gtk_dialog_add_action_widget(), clicking the button will emit a signal called "response" with a response ID that you specified. GTK+ will never assign a meaning to positive response IDs; these are entirely user-defined. But for convenience, you can use the response IDs in the GtkResponseType enumeration (these all have values less than zero). If a dialog receives a delete event, the "response" signal will be emitted with a response ID of GTK_RESPONSE_DELETE_EVENT.

If you want to block waiting for a dialog to return before returning control flow to your code, you can call gtk_dialog_run(). This function enters a recursive main loop and waits for the user to respond to the dialog, returning the response ID corresponding to the button the user clicked.

For the simple dialog in the following example, in reality you'd probably use GtkMessageDialog to save yourself some effort. But you'd need to create the dialog contents manually if you had more than a simple message in the dialog.

Example 4. Simple GtkDialog usage.


/* Function to open a dialog box displaying the message provided. */

void quick_message (gchar *message) {

   GtkWidget *dialog, *label;
   
   /* Create the widgets */
   
   dialog = gtk_dialog_new_with_buttons ("Message",
                                         main_application_window,
                                         GTK_DIALOG_DESTROY_WITH_PARENT,
                                         GTK_STOCK_OK,
                                         GTK_RESPONSE_NONE,
                                         NULL);
   label = gtk_label_new (message);
   
   /* Ensure that the dialog box is destroyed when the user responds. */
   
   g_signal_connect_swapped (dialog,
                             "response", 
                             G_CALLBACK (gtk_widget_destroy),
                             dialog);

   /* Add the label, and show everything we've added to the dialog. */

   gtk_container_add (GTK_CONTAINER (GTK_DIALOG(dialog)->vbox),
                      label);
   gtk_widget_show_all (dialog);
}


GtkDialog as GtkBuildable

The GtkDialog implementation of the GtkBuildable interface exposes the vbox and action_area as internal children with the names "vbox" and "action_area".

GtkDialog supports a custom <action-widgets> element, which can contain multiple <action-widget> elements. The "response" attribute specifies a numeric response, and the content of the element is the id of widget (which should be a child of the dialogs action_area).

Example 5. A GtkDialog UI definition fragment.

<object class="GtkDialog" id="dialog1">
  <child internal-child="vbox">"
    <object class="GtkVBox">
      <child internal-child="action_area">
        <object class="GtkHButtonBox">
          <child>
            <object class="GtkButton" id="button_cancel"/>
          </child>
          <child>
            <object class="GtkButton" id="button_ok"/>
          </child>
        </object>
      </child>
    </object>
  </child>
  <action-widgets>
    <action-widget response="3">button_ok</action-widget>
    <action-widget response="-5">button_cancel</action-widget>
  </action-widgets>
</object>

Details

GtkDialog

typedef struct {
  GtkWidget *vbox;
  GtkWidget *action_area;
} GtkDialog;

vbox is a GtkVBox - the main part of the dialog box.

action_area is a GtkHButtonBox packed below the dividing GtkHSeparator in the dialog. It is treated exactly the same as any other GtkHButtonBox.


enum GtkDialogFlags

typedef enum
{
  GTK_DIALOG_MODAL               = 1 << 0, /* call gtk_window_set_modal (win, TRUE) */
  GTK_DIALOG_DESTROY_WITH_PARENT = 1 << 1, /* call gtk_window_set_destroy_with_parent () */
  GTK_DIALOG_NO_SEPARATOR        = 1 << 2  /* no separator bar above buttons */
} GtkDialogFlags;

Flags used to influence dialog construction.

GTK_DIALOG_MODAL

Make the constructed dialog modal, see gtk_window_set_modal().

GTK_DIALOG_DESTROY_WITH_PARENT

Destroy the dialog when its parent is destroyed, see gtk_window_set_destroy_with_parent().

GTK_DIALOG_NO_SEPARATOR

Don't put a separator between the action area and the dialog content.

enum GtkResponseType

typedef enum
{
  /* GTK returns this if a response widget has no response_id,
   * or if the dialog gets programmatically hidden or destroyed.
   */
  GTK_RESPONSE_NONE = -1,

  /* GTK won't return these unless you pass them in
   * as the response for an action widget. They are
   * for your convenience.
   */
  GTK_RESPONSE_REJECT = -2,
  GTK_RESPONSE_ACCEPT = -3,

  /* If the dialog is deleted. */
  GTK_RESPONSE_DELETE_EVENT = -4,

  /* These are returned from GTK dialogs, and you can also use them
   * yourself if you like.
   */
  GTK_RESPONSE_OK     = -5,
  GTK_RESPONSE_CANCEL = -6,
  GTK_RESPONSE_CLOSE  = -7,
  GTK_RESPONSE_YES    = -8,
  GTK_RESPONSE_NO     = -9,
  GTK_RESPONSE_APPLY  = -10,
  GTK_RESPONSE_HELP   = -11
} GtkResponseType;

Predefined values for use as response ids in gtk_dialog_add_button(). All predefined values are negative, GTK+ leaves positive values for application-defined response ids.

GTK_RESPONSE_NONE

Returned if an action widget has no response id, or if the dialog gets programmatically hidden or destroyed.

GTK_RESPONSE_REJECT

Generic response id, not used by GTK+ dialogs.

GTK_RESPONSE_ACCEPT

Generic response id, not used by GTK+ dialogs.

GTK_RESPONSE_DELETE_EVENT

Returned if the dialog is deleted.

GTK_RESPONSE_OK

Returned by OK buttons in GTK+ dialogs.

GTK_RESPONSE_CANCEL

Returned by Cancel buttons in GTK+ dialogs.

GTK_RESPONSE_CLOSE

Returned by Close buttons in GTK+ dialogs.

GTK_RESPONSE_YES

Returned by Yes buttons in GTK+ dialogs.

GTK_RESPONSE_NO

Returned by No buttons in GTK+ dialogs.

GTK_RESPONSE_APPLY

Returned by Apply buttons in GTK+ dialogs.

GTK_RESPONSE_HELP

Returned by Help buttons in GTK+ dialogs.

gtk_dialog_new ()

GtkWidget*          gtk_dialog_new                      (void);

Creates a new dialog box. Widgets should not be packed into this GtkWindow directly, but into the vbox and action_area, as described above.

Returns :

a new GtkDialog.

gtk_dialog_new_with_buttons ()

GtkWidget*          gtk_dialog_new_with_buttons         (const gchar *title,
                                                         GtkWindow *parent,
                                                         GtkDialogFlags flags,
                                                         const gchar *first_button_text,
                                                         ...);

Creates a new GtkDialog with title title (or NULL for the default title; see gtk_window_set_title()) and transient parent parent (or NULL for none; see gtk_window_set_transient_for()). The flags argument can be used to make the dialog modal (GTK_DIALOG_MODAL) and/or to have it destroyed along with its transient parent (GTK_DIALOG_DESTROY_WITH_PARENT). After flags, button text/response ID pairs should be listed, with a NULL pointer ending the list. Button text can be either a stock ID such as GTK_STOCK_OK, or some arbitrary text. A response ID can be any positive number, or one of the values in the GtkResponseType enumeration. If the user clicks one of these dialog buttons, GtkDialog will emit the "response" signal with the corresponding response ID. If a GtkDialog receives the "delete-event" signal, it will emit ::response with a response ID of GTK_RESPONSE_DELETE_EVENT. However, destroying a dialog does not emit the ::response signal; so be careful relying on ::response when using the GTK_DIALOG_DESTROY_WITH_PARENT flag. Buttons are from left to right, so the first button in the list will be the leftmost button in the dialog.

Here's a simple example:

 GtkWidget *dialog = gtk_dialog_new_with_buttons ("My dialog",
                                                  main_app_window,
                                                  GTK_DIALOG_MODAL | GTK_DIALOG_DESTROY_WITH_PARENT,
                                                  GTK_STOCK_OK,
                                                  GTK_RESPONSE_ACCEPT,
                                                  GTK_STOCK_CANCEL,
                                                  GTK_RESPONSE_REJECT,
                                                  NULL);

title :

Title of the dialog, or NULL

parent :

Transient parent of the dialog, or NULL

flags :

from GtkDialogFlags

first_button_text :

stock ID or text to go in first button, or NULL

... :

response ID for first button, then additional buttons, ending with NULL

Returns :

a new GtkDialog

gtk_dialog_run ()

gint                gtk_dialog_run                      (GtkDialog *dialog);

Blocks in a recursive main loop until the dialog either emits the "response" signal, or is destroyed. If the dialog is destroyed during the call to gtk_dialog_run(), gtk_dialog_run() returns GTK_RESPONSE_NONE. Otherwise, it returns the response ID from the ::response signal emission.

Before entering the recursive main loop, gtk_dialog_run() calls gtk_widget_show() on the dialog for you. Note that you still need to show any children of the dialog yourself.

During gtk_dialog_run(), the default behavior of "delete-event" is disabled; if the dialog receives ::delete_event, it will not be destroyed as windows usually are, and gtk_dialog_run() will return GTK_RESPONSE_DELETE_EVENT. Also, during gtk_dialog_run() the dialog will be modal. You can force gtk_dialog_run() to return at any time by calling gtk_dialog_response() to emit the ::response signal. Destroying the dialog during gtk_dialog_run() is a very bad idea, because your post-run code won't know whether the dialog was destroyed or not.

After gtk_dialog_run() returns, you are responsible for hiding or destroying the dialog if you wish to do so.

Typical usage of this function might be:

  gint result = gtk_dialog_run (GTK_DIALOG (dialog));
  switch (result)
    {
      case GTK_RESPONSE_ACCEPT:
         do_application_specific_something ();
         break;
      default:
         do_nothing_since_dialog_was_cancelled ();
         break;
    }
  gtk_widget_destroy (dialog);

Note that even though the recursive main loop gives the effect of a modal dialog (it prevents the user from interacting with other windows in the same window group while the dialog is run), callbacks such as timeouts, IO channel watches, DND drops, etc, will be triggered during a gtk_dialog_run() call.

dialog :

a GtkDialog

Returns :

response ID

gtk_dialog_response ()

void                gtk_dialog_response                 (GtkDialog *dialog,
                                                         gint response_id);

Emits the "response" signal with the given response ID. Used to indicate that the user has responded to the dialog in some way; typically either you or gtk_dialog_run() will be monitoring the ::response signal and take appropriate action.

dialog :

a GtkDialog

response_id :

response ID

gtk_dialog_add_button ()

GtkWidget*          gtk_dialog_add_button               (GtkDialog *dialog,
                                                         const gchar *button_text,
                                                         gint response_id);

Adds a button with the given text (or a stock button, if button_text is a stock ID) and sets things up so that clicking the button will emit the "response" signal with the given response_id. The button is appended to the end of the dialog's action area. The button widget is returned, but usually you don't need it.

dialog :

a GtkDialog

button_text :

text of button, or stock ID

response_id :

response ID for the button

Returns :

the button widget that was added

gtk_dialog_add_buttons ()

void                gtk_dialog_add_buttons              (GtkDialog *dialog,
                                                         const gchar *first_button_text,
                                                         ...);

Adds more buttons, same as calling gtk_dialog_add_button() repeatedly. The variable argument list should be NULL-terminated as with gtk_dialog_new_with_buttons(). Each button must have both text and response ID.

dialog :

a GtkDialog

first_button_text :

button text or stock ID

... :

response ID for first button, then more text-response_id pairs

gtk_dialog_add_action_widget ()

void                gtk_dialog_add_action_widget        (GtkDialog *dialog,
                                                         GtkWidget *child,
                                                         gint response_id);

Adds an activatable widget to the action area of a GtkDialog, connecting a signal handler that will emit the "response" signal on the dialog when the widget is activated. The widget is appended to the end of the dialog's action area. If you want to add a non-activatable widget, simply pack it into the action_area field of the GtkDialog struct.

dialog :

a GtkDialog

child :

an activatable widget

response_id :

response ID for child

gtk_dialog_get_has_separator ()

gboolean            gtk_dialog_get_has_separator        (GtkDialog *dialog);

Accessor for whether the dialog has a separator.

dialog :

a GtkDialog

Returns :

TRUE if the dialog has a separator

gtk_dialog_set_default_response ()

void                gtk_dialog_set_default_response     (GtkDialog *dialog,
                                                         gint response_id);

Sets the last widget in the dialog's action area with the given response_id as the default widget for the dialog. Pressing "Enter" normally activates the default widget.

dialog :

a GtkDialog

response_id :

a response ID

gtk_dialog_set_has_separator ()

void                gtk_dialog_set_has_separator        (GtkDialog *dialog,
                                                         gboolean setting);

Sets whether the dialog has a separator above the buttons. TRUE by default.

dialog :

a GtkDialog

setting :

TRUE to have a separator

gtk_dialog_set_response_sensitive ()

void                gtk_dialog_set_response_sensitive   (GtkDialog *dialog,
                                                         gint response_id,
                                                         gboolean setting);

Calls gtk_widget_set_sensitive (widget, setting) for each widget in the dialog's action area with the given response_id. A convenient way to sensitize/desensitize dialog buttons.

dialog :

a GtkDialog

response_id :

a response ID

setting :

TRUE for sensitive

gtk_dialog_get_response_for_widget ()

gint                gtk_dialog_get_response_for_widget  (GtkDialog *dialog,
                                                         GtkWidget *widget);

Gets the response id of a widget in the action area of a dialog.

dialog :

a GtkDialog

widget :

a widget in the action area of dialog

Returns :

the response id of widget, or GTK_RESPONSE_NONE if widget doesn't have a response id set.

Since 2.8


gtk_alternative_dialog_button_order ()

gboolean            gtk_alternative_dialog_button_order (GdkScreen *screen);

Returns TRUE if dialogs are expected to use an alternative button order on the screen screen. See gtk_dialog_set_alternative_button_order() for more details about alternative button order.

If you need to use this function, you should probably connect to the ::notify:gtk-alternative-button-order signal on the GtkSettings object associated to screen, in order to be notified if the button order setting changes.

screen :

a GdkScreen, or NULL to use the default screen

Returns :

Whether the alternative button order should be used

Since 2.6


gtk_dialog_set_alternative_button_order ()

void                gtk_dialog_set_alternative_button_order
                                                        (GtkDialog *dialog,
                                                         gint first_response_id,
                                                         ...);

Sets an alternative button order. If the "gtk-alternative-button-order" setting is set to TRUE, the dialog buttons are reordered according to the order of the response ids passed to this function.

By default, GTK+ dialogs use the button order advocated by the Gnome Human Interface Guidelines with the affirmative button at the far right, and the cancel button left of it. But the builtin GTK+ dialogs and GtkMessageDialogs do provide an alternative button order, which is more suitable on some platforms, e.g. Windows.

Use this function after adding all the buttons to your dialog, as the following example shows:

cancel_button = gtk_dialog_add_button (GTK_DIALOG (dialog),
                                       GTK_STOCK_CANCEL,
                                       GTK_RESPONSE_CANCEL);
 
ok_button = gtk_dialog_add_button (GTK_DIALOG (dialog),
                                   GTK_STOCK_OK,
                                   GTK_RESPONSE_OK);
  
gtk_widget_grab_default (ok_button);
  
help_button = gtk_dialog_add_button (GTK_DIALOG (dialog),
                                     GTK_STOCK_HELP,
                                     GTK_RESPONSE_HELP);
 
gtk_dialog_set_alternative_button_order (GTK_DIALOG (dialog),
                                         GTK_RESPONSE_OK,
                                         GTK_RESPONSE_CANCEL,
                                         GTK_RESPONSE_HELP,
                                         -1);

dialog :

a GtkDialog

first_response_id :

a response id used by one dialog's buttons

... :

a list of more response ids of dialog's buttons, terminated by -1

Since 2.6


gtk_dialog_set_alternative_button_order_from_array ()

void                gtk_dialog_set_alternative_button_order_from_array
                                                        (GtkDialog *dialog,
                                                         gint n_params,
                                                         gint *new_order);

Sets an alternative button order. If the "gtk-alternative-button-order" setting is set to TRUE, the dialog buttons are reordered according to the order of the response ids in new_order.

See gtk_dialog_set_alternative_button_order() for more information.

This function is for use by language bindings.

dialog :

a GtkDialog

n_params :

the number of response ids in new_order

new_order :

an array of response ids of dialog's buttons

Since 2.6

Property Details

The "has-separator" property

  "has-separator"            gboolean              : Read / Write

The dialog has a separator bar above its buttons.

Default value: TRUE

Style Property Details

The "action-area-border" style property

  "action-area-border"       gint                  : Read

Width of border around the button area at the bottom of the dialog.

Allowed values: >= 0

Default value: 5


The "button-spacing" style property

  "button-spacing"           gint                  : Read

Spacing between buttons.

Allowed values: >= 0

Default value: 6


The "content-area-border" style property

  "content-area-border"      gint                  : Read

Width of border around the main dialog area.

Allowed values: >= 0

Default value: 2

Signal Details

The "close" signal

void                user_function                      (GtkDialog *dialog,
                                                        gpointer   user_data)      : Run Last / Action

dialog :

the object which received the signal.

user_data :

user data set when the signal handler was connected.

The "response" signal

void                user_function                      (GtkDialog *dialog,
                                                        gint       arg1,
                                                        gpointer   user_data)      : Run Last

Emitted when an action widget is clicked, the dialog receives a delete event, or the application programmer calls gtk_dialog_response(). On a delete event, the response ID is GTK_RESPONSE_NONE. Otherwise, it depends on which action widget was clicked.

dialog :

the object which received the signal.

arg1 :

the response ID

user_data :

user data set when the signal handler was connected.

See Also

GtkVBox

Pack widgets vertically.

GtkWindow

Alter the properties of your dialog box.

GtkButton

Add them to the action_area to get a response from the user.