Double-ended Queues

Double-ended Queues — double-ended queue data structure

Synopsis


#include <glib.h>

                    GQueue;
GQueue*             g_queue_new                         (void);
void                g_queue_free                        (GQueue *queue);
#define             G_QUEUE_INIT
void                g_queue_init                        (GQueue *queue);
void                g_queue_clear                       (GQueue *queue);
gboolean            g_queue_is_empty                    (GQueue *queue);
guint               g_queue_get_length                  (GQueue *queue);
void                g_queue_reverse                     (GQueue *queue);
GQueue*             g_queue_copy                        (GQueue *queue);
void                g_queue_foreach                     (GQueue *queue,
                                                         GFunc func,
                                                         gpointer user_data);
GList*              g_queue_find                        (GQueue *queue,
                                                         gconstpointer data);
GList*              g_queue_find_custom                 (GQueue *queue,
                                                         gconstpointer data,
                                                         GCompareFunc func);
void                g_queue_sort                        (GQueue *queue,
                                                         GCompareDataFunc compare_func,
                                                         gpointer user_data);
void                g_queue_push_head                   (GQueue *queue,
                                                         gpointer data);
void                g_queue_push_tail                   (GQueue *queue,
                                                         gpointer data);
void                g_queue_push_nth                    (GQueue *queue,
                                                         gpointer data,
                                                         gint n);
gpointer            g_queue_pop_head                    (GQueue *queue);
gpointer            g_queue_pop_tail                    (GQueue *queue);
gpointer            g_queue_pop_nth                     (GQueue *queue,
                                                         guint n);
gpointer            g_queue_peek_head                   (GQueue *queue);
gpointer            g_queue_peek_tail                   (GQueue *queue);
gpointer            g_queue_peek_nth                    (GQueue *queue,
                                                         guint n);
gint                g_queue_index                       (GQueue *queue,
                                                         gconstpointer data);
void                g_queue_remove                      (GQueue *queue,
                                                         gconstpointer data);
void                g_queue_remove_all                  (GQueue *queue,
                                                         gconstpointer data);
void                g_queue_insert_before               (GQueue *queue,
                                                         GList *sibling,
                                                         gpointer data);
void                g_queue_insert_after                (GQueue *queue,
                                                         GList *sibling,
                                                         gpointer data);
void                g_queue_insert_sorted               (GQueue *queue,
                                                         gpointer data,
                                                         GCompareDataFunc func,
                                                         gpointer user_data);
void                g_queue_push_head_link              (GQueue *queue,
                                                         GList *link_);
void                g_queue_push_tail_link              (GQueue *queue,
                                                         GList *link_);
void                g_queue_push_nth_link               (GQueue *queue,
                                                         gint n,
                                                         GList *link_);
GList*              g_queue_pop_head_link               (GQueue *queue);
GList*              g_queue_pop_tail_link               (GQueue *queue);
GList*              g_queue_pop_nth_link                (GQueue *queue,
                                                         guint n);
GList*              g_queue_peek_head_link              (GQueue *queue);
GList*              g_queue_peek_tail_link              (GQueue *queue);
GList*              g_queue_peek_nth_link               (GQueue *queue,
                                                         guint n);
gint                g_queue_link_index                  (GQueue *queue,
                                                         GList *link_);
void                g_queue_unlink                      (GQueue *queue,
                                                         GList *link_);
void                g_queue_delete_link                 (GQueue *queue,
                                                         GList *link_);

Description

The GQueue structure and its associated functions provide a standard queue data structure. Internally, GQueue uses the same data structure as GList to store elements.

The data contained in each element can be either integer values, by using one of the Type Conversion Macros, or simply pointers to any type of data.

To create a new GQueue, use g_queue_new().

To initialize a statically-allocated GQueue, use G_QUEUE_INIT or g_queue_init().

To add elements, use g_queue_push_head(), g_queue_push_head_link(), g_queue_push_tail() and g_queue_push_tail_link().

To remove elements, use g_queue_pop_head() and g_queue_pop_tail().

To free the entire queue, use g_queue_free().

Details

GQueue

typedef struct {
  GList *head;
  GList *tail;
  guint  length;
} GQueue;

Contains the public fields of a Queue.

GList *head;

a pointer to the first element of the queue.

GList *tail;

a pointer to the last element of the queue.

guint length;

the number of elements in the queue.

g_queue_new ()

GQueue*             g_queue_new                         (void);

Creates a new GQueue.

Returns :

a new GQueue.

g_queue_free ()

void                g_queue_free                        (GQueue *queue);

Frees the memory allocated for the GQueue. Only call this function if queue was created with g_queue_new(). If queue elements contain dynamically-allocated memory, they should be freed first.

queue :

a GQueue.

G_QUEUE_INIT

#define G_QUEUE_INIT { NULL, NULL, 0 }

A statically-allocated GQueue must be initialized with this macro before it can be used. This macro can be used to initialize a variable, but it cannot be assigned to a variable. In that case you have to use g_queue_init().

GQueue my_queue = G_QUEUE_INIT;

Since 2.14


g_queue_init ()

void                g_queue_init                        (GQueue *queue);

A statically-allocated GQueue must be initialized with this function before it can be used. Alternatively you can initialize it with G_QUEUE_INIT. It is not necessary to initialize queues created with g_queue_new().

queue :

an uninitialized GQueue

Since 2.14


g_queue_clear ()

void                g_queue_clear                       (GQueue *queue);

Removes all the elements in queue. If queue elements contain dynamically-allocated memory, they should be freed first.

queue :

a GQueue

Since 2.14


g_queue_is_empty ()

gboolean            g_queue_is_empty                    (GQueue *queue);

Returns TRUE if the queue is empty.

queue :

a GQueue.

Returns :

TRUE if the queue is empty.

g_queue_get_length ()

guint               g_queue_get_length                  (GQueue *queue);

Returns the number of items in queue.

queue :

a GQueue

Returns :

The number of items in queue.

Since 2.4


g_queue_reverse ()

void                g_queue_reverse                     (GQueue *queue);

Reverses the order of the items in queue.

queue :

a GQueue

Since 2.4


g_queue_copy ()

GQueue*             g_queue_copy                        (GQueue *queue);

Copies a queue. Note that is a shallow copy. If the elements in the queue consist of pointers to data, the pointers are copied, but the actual data is not.

queue :

a GQueue

Returns :

A copy of queue

Since 2.4


g_queue_foreach ()

void                g_queue_foreach                     (GQueue *queue,
                                                         GFunc func,
                                                         gpointer user_data);

Calls func for each element in the queue passing user_data to the function.

queue :

a GQueue

func :

the function to call for each element's data

user_data :

user data to pass to func

Since 2.4


g_queue_find ()

GList*              g_queue_find                        (GQueue *queue,
                                                         gconstpointer data);

Finds the first link in queue which contains data.

queue :

a GQueue

data :

data to find

Returns :

The first link in queue which contains data.

Since 2.4


g_queue_find_custom ()

GList*              g_queue_find_custom                 (GQueue *queue,
                                                         gconstpointer data,
                                                         GCompareFunc func);

Finds an element in a GQueue, using a supplied function to find the desired element. It iterates over the queue, calling the given function which should return 0 when the desired element is found. The function takes two gconstpointer arguments, the GQueue element's data as the first argument and the given user data as the second argument.

queue :

a GQueue

data :

user data passed to func

func :

a GCompareFunc to call for each element. It should return 0 when the desired element is found

Returns :

The found link, or NULL if it wasn't found

Since 2.4


g_queue_sort ()

void                g_queue_sort                        (GQueue *queue,
                                                         GCompareDataFunc compare_func,
                                                         gpointer user_data);

Sorts queue using compare_func.

queue :

a GQueue

compare_func :

the GCompareDataFunc used to sort queue. This function is passed two elements of the queue and should return 0 if they are equal, a negative value if the first comes before the second, and a positive value if the second comes before the first.

user_data :

user data passed to compare_func

Since 2.4


g_queue_push_head ()

void                g_queue_push_head                   (GQueue *queue,
                                                         gpointer data);

Adds a new element at the head of the queue.

queue :

a GQueue.

data :

the data for the new element.

g_queue_push_tail ()

void                g_queue_push_tail                   (GQueue *queue,
                                                         gpointer data);

Adds a new element at the tail of the queue.

queue :

a GQueue.

data :

the data for the new element.

g_queue_push_nth ()

void                g_queue_push_nth                    (GQueue *queue,
                                                         gpointer data,
                                                         gint n);

Inserts a new element into queue at the given position

queue :

a GQueue

data :

the data for the new element

n :

the position to insert the new element. If n is negative or larger than the number of elements in the queue, the element is added to the end of the queue.

Since 2.4


g_queue_pop_head ()

gpointer            g_queue_pop_head                    (GQueue *queue);

Removes the first element of the queue.

queue :

a GQueue.

Returns :

the data of the first element in the queue, or NULL if the queue is empty.

g_queue_pop_tail ()

gpointer            g_queue_pop_tail                    (GQueue *queue);

Removes the last element of the queue.

queue :

a GQueue.

Returns :

the data of the last element in the queue, or NULL if the queue is empty.

g_queue_pop_nth ()

gpointer            g_queue_pop_nth                     (GQueue *queue,
                                                         guint n);

Removes the n'th element of queue.

queue :

a GQueue

n :

the position of the element.

Returns :

the element's data, or NULL if n is off the end of queue.

Since 2.4


g_queue_peek_head ()

gpointer            g_queue_peek_head                   (GQueue *queue);

Returns the first element of the queue.

queue :

a GQueue.

Returns :

the data of the first element in the queue, or NULL if the queue is empty.

g_queue_peek_tail ()

gpointer            g_queue_peek_tail                   (GQueue *queue);

Returns the last element of the queue.

queue :

a GQueue.

Returns :

the data of the last element in the queue, or NULL if the queue is empty.

g_queue_peek_nth ()

gpointer            g_queue_peek_nth                    (GQueue *queue,
                                                         guint n);

Returns the n'th element of queue.

queue :

a GQueue

n :

the position of the element.

Returns :

The data for the n'th element of queue, or NULL if n is off the end of queue.

Since 2.4


g_queue_index ()

gint                g_queue_index                       (GQueue *queue,
                                                         gconstpointer data);

Returns the position of the first element in queue which contains data.

queue :

a GQueue

data :

the data to find.

Returns :

The position of the first element in queue which contains data, or -1 if no element in queue contains data.

Since 2.4


g_queue_remove ()

void                g_queue_remove                      (GQueue *queue,
                                                         gconstpointer data);

Removes the first element in queue that contains data.

queue :

a GQueue

data :

data to remove.

Since 2.4


g_queue_remove_all ()

void                g_queue_remove_all                  (GQueue *queue,
                                                         gconstpointer data);

Remove all elemeents in queue which contains data.

queue :

a GQueue

data :

data to remove

Since 2.4


g_queue_insert_before ()

void                g_queue_insert_before               (GQueue *queue,
                                                         GList *sibling,
                                                         gpointer data);

Inserts data into queue before sibling.

sibling must be part of queue.

queue :

a GQueue

sibling :

a GList link that must be part of queue

data :

the data to insert

Since 2.4


g_queue_insert_after ()

void                g_queue_insert_after                (GQueue *queue,
                                                         GList *sibling,
                                                         gpointer data);

Inserts data into queue after sibling

sibling must be part of queue

queue :

a GQueue

sibling :

a GList link that must be part of queue

data :

the data to insert

Since 2.4


g_queue_insert_sorted ()

void                g_queue_insert_sorted               (GQueue *queue,
                                                         gpointer data,
                                                         GCompareDataFunc func,
                                                         gpointer user_data);

Inserts data into queue using func to determine the new position.

queue :

a GQueue

data :

the data to insert

func :

the GCompareDataFunc used to compare elements in the queue. It is called with two elements of the queue and user_data. It should return 0 if the elements are equal, a negative value if the first element comes before the second, and a positive value if the second element comes before the first.

user_data :

user data passed to func.

Since 2.4


g_queue_push_head_link ()

void                g_queue_push_head_link              (GQueue *queue,
                                                         GList *link_);

Adds a new element at the head of the queue.

queue :

a GQueue.

link_ :

a single GList element, not a list with more than one element.

g_queue_push_tail_link ()

void                g_queue_push_tail_link              (GQueue *queue,
                                                         GList *link_);

Adds a new element at the tail of the queue.

queue :

a GQueue.

link_ :

a single GList element, not a list with more than one element.

g_queue_push_nth_link ()

void                g_queue_push_nth_link               (GQueue *queue,
                                                         gint n,
                                                         GList *link_);

Inserts link into queue at the given position.

queue :

a GQueue

n :

the position to insert the link. If this is negative or larger than the number of elements in queue, the link is added to the end of queue.

link_ :

the link to add to queue

Since 2.4


g_queue_pop_head_link ()

GList*              g_queue_pop_head_link               (GQueue *queue);

Removes the first element of the queue.

queue :

a GQueue.

Returns :

the GList element at the head of the queue, or NULL if the queue is empty.

g_queue_pop_tail_link ()

GList*              g_queue_pop_tail_link               (GQueue *queue);

Removes the last element of the queue.

queue :

a GQueue.

Returns :

the GList element at the tail of the queue, or NULL if the queue is empty.

g_queue_pop_nth_link ()

GList*              g_queue_pop_nth_link                (GQueue *queue,
                                                         guint n);

Removes and returns the link at the given position.

queue :

a GQueue

n :

the link's position

Returns :

The n'th link, or NULL if n is off the end of queue.

Since 2.4


g_queue_peek_head_link ()

GList*              g_queue_peek_head_link              (GQueue *queue);

Returns the first link in queue

queue :

a GQueue

Returns :

the first link in queue, or NULL if queue is empty

Since 2.4


g_queue_peek_tail_link ()

GList*              g_queue_peek_tail_link              (GQueue *queue);

Returns the last link queue.

queue :

a GQueue

Returns :

the last link in queue, or NULL if queue is empty

Since 2.4


g_queue_peek_nth_link ()

GList*              g_queue_peek_nth_link               (GQueue *queue,
                                                         guint n);

Returns the link at the given position

queue :

a GQueue

n :

the position of the link

Returns :

The link at the n'th position, or NULL if n is off the end of the list

Since 2.4


g_queue_link_index ()

gint                g_queue_link_index                  (GQueue *queue,
                                                         GList *link_);

Returns the position of link_ in queue.

queue :

a Gqueue

link_ :

A GList link

Returns :

The position of link_, or -1 if the link is not part of queue

Since 2.4


g_queue_unlink ()

void                g_queue_unlink                      (GQueue *queue,
                                                         GList *link_);

Unlinks link_ so that it will no longer be part of queue. The link is not freed.

link_ must be part of queue,

queue :

a GQueue

link_ :

a GList link that must be part of queue

Since 2.4


g_queue_delete_link ()

void                g_queue_delete_link                 (GQueue *queue,
                                                         GList *link_);

Removes link_ from queue and frees it.

link_ must be part of queue.

queue :

a GQueue

link_ :

a GList link that must be part of queue

Since 2.4